Now, what is a patriarchal society? It is the social system which divides the role of male and female on the society. In this system, men hold the primary power and positions in society. He is going to control the political leadership, moral authority, and is also entitled to special privileges in society. The male member of the family is holding the main position of our family. The female members always get the lowest position in the family.
In India, nowadays women are rising and getting their power. They are moving away from this male dominated society. They are becoming educated and empowered. Not only in urban areas, but you will also find the symbols of women empowerment in rural areas. The government and the constitution are also trying to support women to create an unbiased society.
Indian Tradition of Patriarchy:
In Indian society, we are following the patriarchy for a long time. In old times, the kings had the right to multiple marriages. They are just using their queens for children rather it better to say use them to get the next King. The queen gets humiliated if she can’t produce a boy child. In few rural areas, you can find this old practice till today.
Even today in modern society, you will find the male child of the family is getting more priority over any other girl child. A girl child is not even getting the opportunity to study. A child is still gets deprived just based on one’s sex and gender. In some families, women are considered to be reproduction machines. People get married just to have a child and complete their daily work by the women. Even today, in some rural places women are not allowed to go out for work. They are only there for household works and have a child. But apart from this, there is two vital evil practice are there in our society, that you can see very easily in India.
In our society, the bride’s family gives money and goods as a gift to the groom’s family. This is known as the Dowry tradition. But the problem is this money or the goods is not always something that the bride’s family gifted willingly. Rather it is better to say, the bride’s family is forced to give all those money and goods for this marriage. Though in 1961, the dowry was made illegal in India, it is near impossible to imposed till today. People used to consider this as a gift, where the court doesn’t have the right to say anything. Sometimes the groom’s family killed the bride if they didn’t get the expected dowry.
Women as Liability:
Even today, in India women, are considered as a liability for the family. And the boy child is considered as the responsible person for the family. Though the constitution of India has given equal rights for both, the old patriarchal society is not going to accept that. For them, there are a couple of points to think so,
– Consider incapable of earning money and taking responsibilities for her family
– Financially dependent on men
– Going to his husband’s house and does household works there which she is doing at his father’s house.
– Family has to pay dowry
– The cost of the marriage and the function associated with her marriage.
On the other hand, for society men are the most valuable asset because
– They can earn money for the family.
– Increase their family tree.
– Bring a wife, who will help in household work
– Take responsibilities for the family and also takes care of the older parents and elder peoples.
– In Hindu Culture, men will take an important role in death rituals. Women are not allowed to do that work.
– Can bring the Dowry
Women In Indian Society:
India is one of those countries which is less girl birth rate than boys. As per data, in 1950 India had 105.4 males for every 100 females. But after that, the rate is shown as gradually decreasing. Now in 2020, it is reported that the rate is 108.18 males for every 100 females. Out of all the states Punjab is registered with the worst ratio. And Kerala is the best-case scenario, where the rate is almost the same. But the positive part is, this scenario in India is improving day by day.
If you look at the urban part of India, you will find a lot of working women. Who is enough capable of taking responsibility for her and her families? In all the cases, either they are married or their family wants them to get married. That means, their family still thinks that they need a partner or guidance for the future. Still, the situation is good with respect to urban areas where the woman doesn’t get the chance to prove herself.
Almost 50 percent of the Indian population is women. But still, they have to face a lot of freedom issues. For centuries, our society did not give women their position and tried to hold them out of the freedom of their speech. Even today, in some places they are not getting the minimum freedoms.
Moreover, a woman in Indian society has been a victim of physical and mental humiliation. There are many chapters of it such as rape and murder, dowry system, beating, and burning wife, and other decimations. Even after the marriage, the bride has to shift with his husband. And it becomes her duty to fulfil all the wishes of her husband and in-laws. Not only that they will be staying under the surveillance of them. Indian society is considered as male dominant, so they try to dominate over women’s position and decisions. Their economical freedom is also not clear for all. So their life lies between giving pleasure to men and giving birth to the child.
This is the first part of the article about the Patriarchal society- Speed Breaker of Women Empowerment. To read the next part click here.