In a more scientific term, mental illness is a chemical imbalance in the transmitters neurons between cells.
Mental health is so important because our lives are based upon it. Our mental health determines how and what we think, act, feel and live. The brain, being the most complex part of any living body, controls all the aspects of our day-to-day lives. Our lives are the results of the countless decisions taken by our brains throughout our entire life. If the decision-making ability of the brain is somehow affected, it could not only bring chaos in our lives but also the ones related to us.
Emotional, psychological, and social well-being sum up to a healthy mind.
Mental illness is a condition where one experiences complications with thinking, behavior, emotions, mood, etc. This can cause disturbance in one’s personal and social life. Having a mental illness can result in losing control of our lives. It affects self-esteem, the ability to trust oneself. It affects relationships with everyone. Even it also affects one’s physical health and fitness. The WHO expresses that mental health is “more than just the absence of mental disorders or disabilities”. Anyone, of any age group, can get mental illness but the risk is highest among the teenage population. Nearly half of the world’s teenage population is or have suffered from mental illness at some point in their life.
Some of the most common causes of mental illness
Poverty: One’s economic status vastly affects their mental health. With poverty or poor economic status, comes a ton of stress which could lead to mental illness.
Social Isolation: Social isolation is a potential cause of mental illness. The primary element in determining how social isolation, or loneliness, would affect your mental health is whether you feel lonely or not. Feeling of loneliness can lead to stress, anxiety, and eventually mental illness.
Trauma: Some mental disorders develop due to the traumatic experience in one’s past. Some people suffer acute traumas in the early stages of their lives. Such traumatic experiences may be buried in the subconscious mind and may later develop into mental disorders. Traumas have a deeper mark on the mind than one could anticipate.
Family history: Mental illness is also hereditary. Mental illness could run in families through genes. Those who carry such a gene have higher chances of developing a mental illness than those who carry no such gene.
Brain defects: Brain chemistry plays a major role in mental health. A brain injury could create disruption in the functioning of the brain. Neurochemical irregularities could lead to mental illness.
Emotional or physical abuse: Being told you’re worthless. Discrimination and or being judged by others can also lead to mental illness. Physical abuse also leads to emotional abuse. People with negative childhood experiences are more vulnerable to mental illness.
Mental health needs to be taken as important as physical health. However, that is not the case. Mental illness isn’t treated with the required importance and severity because of stigmas. Stigma is when someone negatively views you because of a distinguishing trait. Mental disorders lack legitimacy. A huge part of our population lacks proper understanding and knowledge of mental health. They consider mental illness to be nothing more than a by-product of someone’s way of living instead of an actual disease. This prevents the affected to seek required help from experts or even their family as they are afraid of what people might think of them. Not getting proper treatment only aggravates the condition and sometimes even leads to self-harm and suicide. Unfortunately, only less than half of those who are suffering from mental illness receive proper medical treatment. Social stigma and discrimination, rooted in one’s mental illness, only worsen the condition.
We can overcome the stigma by educating people about the severity of mental illness. By educating them on the psychology of the mind. By educating them of the symptoms of mental illness. Even By telling them how mental illness doesn’t affect only the one suffering from it but also everyone else related to that person. By sharing real-life examples of people with mental health issues. By creating social groups who speak out against stigmas and help those who suffer from mental illness and the general public.
We all go through different phases and emotions in our lives. Some of the most common symptoms of mental illness are chronic anxiety, depression, and stress. We all, at different points in our day-to-day life, go through different emotions on the emotional spectrum. At times, we are happy, at others we are sad or afraid. There are four core emotions including fear, sadness, happiness, and anger. But how do we distinguish normal emotions from mental illness? How do we distinguish sadness from depression? Sadness is a feeling, something we all experience from time to time when we experience distress. Feelings change from time to time. Depression on the other hand is a persistent condition and cannot be controlled. It can last for more than two weeks. It can also be life-threatening. The NAMI (National Alliance on Mental Illness) reports that sometimes a funk can be a sign of something much deeper.
Some of the most common treatment for mental disorders:
Psychotherapy: Talking to a psychotherapist is one of the most common ways of treating mental illness. A psychotherapist acts as a neutral mediator helping you to learn coping mechanisms based on your condition and experiences.
Self-Motivation: Sometime you need to talk with you-self. You have to understand your capability and follow the work accordingly. Self-Motivation will make your life problems easy. We have an individual article about this. Read it, https://biasedopinion.co.in/can-positivity-make-life-a-happier-place-to-live/
Medicines: Medication combined with psychotherapy is used to treat mental health disorders. It is considered one of the most efficient treatments. Prescribed medication is given based on one’s symptoms.
Group therapy: Group therapy is conducted with a group of people and a psychotherapist rather than an individual. A major advantage of group therapy over psychotherapy is that the patient realizes that they are not alone, that there are other people with similar problems.